Graduated in Statistics and Demographic Sciences, with a focus on economics, at “La Sapienza” University of Rome, he obtained the Ph.D and a Master degree in Economics at the Faculty of Economics and Politics of Cambridge University. Since 2001 he has been a tenured professor of Economics at Georgetown University. From 1999 to 2001 he was tenured professor of Economics at Southampton University and from 1990 to 1999 he was associate professor of Economics at the Faculty of Economics and Politics of Cambridge University. From 1986 to 1999 he was associate professor of Economics at Cambridge University, St. Johns College, from 1986 to 1988 researcher at Cambridge University, Department of Applied Economics. Since 2009 he is the Director of the Ph.D. program in Economics at Georgetown University. From 1988 to 1989 he was member of the “College Council” of St. John’s College, Cambridge. Furthermore, he held several academic positions, in particular at the Einaudi Institute for Economics and Finance, International University College, Carlo Alberto College, the LUISS Guido Carli University, the London School of Economics, Georgetown University, the University of Pennsylvania, Yale University and also Harvard University. He is the author of numerous scientific publications and took part in several international research projects. Over the period 2008-2010, he was independent director of Saipem S.p.A.
He graduated in law at “La Sapienza” University of Rome in the academic year 1966/67. Since 1974, he has held several teaching roles (banking law, bankruptcy law, industrial law, commercial law and insurance law) at several Italian Universities. He is full professor in commercial law since 1983. He is currently the tenured Professor of commercial law at the Faculty of Law at “La Sapienza” University in Rome. He was appointed Head of the Law Faculty at “La Sapienza” University in Rome in 1995, and held this position until 2009. He is the author of several scientific works on corporate, trade and insurance matters. He was also a lecturer of historiography of the French Revolution at the Human Sciences Faculty of “La Sapienza” University of Rome. He collaborated on the reform of Italian corporate law, taking part in several government commissions (“Mirone” commission in 1998, “Vietti” commission in 2001, and the coordination commission in 2003) that dealt with the subject. He was legal advisor of the Treasury Ministry during the period 1999-2000. He was appointed as member of the Board of Directors of ENEL S.p.A. from 1999 to 2002, as secretary of the Board of directors at Alitalia S.p.A. during the period 2001-2003, as director of Telecom Italia Mobile S.p.A. from 2004 to 2005, of Stretto di Messina S.p.A. from 2005 to 2008 and of SACE BT from 2007 to 2010, as well as member of the board of directors of Pirelli & Co. S.p.A. from 2004 to 2010.
Ludovica Parodi Borgia
She graduated in Law at the University of Milan in 1996 and became a lawyer in 2001, she practiced the legal profession in commercial and corporate fields in several Law firms, including Carnelutti and White & Case Varrenti e Associati. She started working in Enel Group since 2003, in particular, in the Legal and Corporate Affairs Function of Enelpower. Starting from 2008 she held the offices of Head of Legal and Corporate Affairs of Enel Ingegneria & Innovazione, Head of Enel Global Business Services & Global ICT and currently holds the offices of Head of Legal and Corporate Affairs Eastern Europe and Head of Legal Assistance and Group Significant Litigations within Enel Group.
Giovanni Battista Lombardo
He graduated in law at the University of Trieste. He has been Section Manager at the Ministry of Finance, Direct Taxes – Corporate Income Headquarters. After his early experience in a district office and then in a department inspectorate, he became a direct collaborator of the pro-tempore General Manager, Dr. Monacchi, working on the drafting of legislative texts, circulars and resolutions (1969-1983). He held the role of Tax Office Manager at Ania (National Association of Insurance Companies), reporting directly to the General Manager (1983 - 1985). He was also Tax Service manager at IRI, then Central Co-Director at the head of the Group’s Tax Affairs Unit; he actively took part in the carrying out of extraordinary transactions finalized to privatize the subsidiary companies (1985 - 1998). He was Enel Tax Manager since the beginning of the phase of the transformation into a company of the holding company Enel S.p.A. and the subsequent listing on the stock market of its shares (1998 - 2003). Over the years, he has been Director of the boards of important stock companies, like Finmeccanica (listed company), Cementir (listed company), Finmare, Lloyd Triestino di Navigazione, Terni Acciai Speciali, Sogei. In 1997, he was named by the Minister of Finance at such time member of the Ministerial Commission in charge of formulating implementing provisions for Law no. 662 of 23 December 1996 on organic income taxation reforms. He has held various academic positions at the Central Tax School “E. Vanoni”. He has also been a member of the tax committees of Confindustria and Assonime.
Giovanni Pietro Malagnino
He graduated in Medicine and Surgery in 1978 at the University of Perugia and specialized in odontostomatology in 1980 at “La Sapienza” University of Rome. Since 1980 he works as a Dentist, specialized in endodontics. Since 1983 he is active member of the Italian Endodontic Association and since 1985 of the American Association of Endodontics. He is also honorary member of the Société Francaise d’Endodontie since 1987. He was member of the managing department of SIE (1984-1986), member of the Managing Board of the National Association of Italian Dentists (1986-1988), and General Secretary (1989-1991) and National Chairman (1992-1995) of ANDI. He also held the role of Deputy Chairman of the Coordination Committee of Scientific Dental Societies (1996-2000) and he was member of the Central Committee of the National Federation of Doctors’ and Dentists’ Associations (1998-2000). Since 1997, he has been a member of the expert Commission for the sector studies at SOSE and since 2002 he is the coordinator of the medical professions in the commission of experts of SOSE. From 2000 until 2012, he has been Vice President of the National Authority of Welfare and Assistance for doctors and dentists and since 2012 he has been alternate Vice President of the same Foundation. Since 2010, he has been alternate Vice President of the Private Welfare Funds Association (ADEPP).
Graduated in 1973 at Turin Polytechnic with a Degree (honours) in architecture, she is an architect and President of Inarcassa, national pension and assistance fund for architects and engineers.
From 1974 to 1983, she was Inarcassa Inspector; from 1985 to 1996, President of the Architects Register of Imperia; in 1990, she was elected as an Inarcassa delegate for the Liguria region, and confirmed as an Inspector for the province of Imperia; from 1990 to 1995, she was a member of the Inarcassa committee for opinions on congruity; in 1995, she was Vice-Chairman and member of the Board of Directors of Inarcassa; she is deeply committed to problems related to future pensions and security for young professionals and she was particularly active in addressing issues relating to the defense of the pension system, double tax on pension funds, and the Inps (state pension entity) 10% professional fees withholding; she was involved in the development of Inarcassa real estate assets, achieving remarkable results also in terms of investments in securities; she pursued her career mainly in urban planning and the civil construction industry; in 2000 she was appointed President of Inarcassa (appointment confirmed on 2 July 2010); she was committed to the adoption of reforms which ensure the financial sustainability of Inarcassa at 50 years as required by the so-called "Save Italy" Decree, through the adoption of financial management based on risk control and assessment of results, with the adoption of ALM principles and an increase in the assistance services to members.
She realized numerous urban, infrastructure and services sector development projects, including the project for the development of the Santo Stefano al Mare (IM) harbour, able to moor a thousand boats, and the development of the new Chamber of Commerce of Imperia headquarters, which included the renovation of a 1920s building.
During her time working for Inarcassa, she won the European award for the best Italian pension fund in 2002 and 2003; in 2005 and 2006 she won the award for best European pension fund as a specialist in investment; in 2007 she won the award for best Italian and European pension fund.
In 2009 she was member of the Board of Directors of Fimit sgr; in 2010 Member of the Advisory Committee for the Kairos Centauro fund; currently Chairman of the Inarcassa RE Investments Committee; 2012 member of the Board of Directors of Enel Rete Gas.
She worked in Enel’s administration department in several roles from 1965 to 2005. In particular, she was Director – Manager of Corporate Administration from 1997 to 2005; Head of Group Control and Reporting from 1996 to 1997; Economic-Finance Planning Sector Manager in the Administration Department from 1994-1996; Head of the Budget Service at the Economic-Finance Planning sector from 1990 to 1994; Executive Manager at the Central Administration Department from 1988 to 1990. During the period 2000-2005, she was a member of the Board of Directors (without powers of attorney) in a number of companies belonging to the Enel Group.