Towards a green Italy
Europe intends to be the world’s first continent to become climate neutral by 2050. In order to achieve this goal, it has plotted a roadmap to promote the efficient use of resources and make a cleaner and more circular economy, restore biodiversity and reduce pollution. In March 2020, the EU Commission also proposed making the decarbonisation goals legally binding with a European Climate Law [nn1] that is due to be approved by the member states and the EU parliament.
Climate neutral means achieving net-zero emissions of greenhouse gases. These are the gases emitted by human activity that result in global warming. Carbon dioxide (CO2) is just one of various greenhouse gases, which include methane, nitrous oxide and ozone. The Global Warming Potential (GWP) is the index used to measure how much a given gas contributes to global warming. GWP measurements are calculated by the UN’s Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) and are used as conversion factors to measure the emissions of all greenhouse gases in CO2 equivalent units.
3. What share of final energy consumption does Italy need to provide from renewable energies by 2030?
With the Integrated National Plan for Energy and Climate Change (PNIEC), Italy has set itself the target of providing a 30% share of final energy consumption from renewables by 2030. The European goal is 32%. The Italian target for 2020 was 17% and for Europe it was 20%.
According to the Integrated National Plan for Energy and Climate Change (PNIEC), by 2030 Italy will have to have 40 GW of renewable installed capacity, of which 28GW will be from large-scale projects, mainly involving solar (20GW) and wind (8GW) power.
Source: PNIEC – Elaboration of GSE/Terna data
5. How much land is required for Italy to achieve its renewable capacity goals for wind and solar power by 2030?
According to the Integrated National Plan for Energy and Climate Change (PNIEC), the area needed is around 1,500 square kilometres, which corresponds to an area the size of the provinces of Prato and Monza-Brianza combined.
Source: EGP elaboration of GSE/Terna data (Feb 2019); BNEF; SEN 2017; AIEE; PNIEC (Dec 2018). For solar, elaboration of PNIEC data for utility-scale, ground-mounted plants.
6. Which of the following countries (Italy, Morocco, Germany and Brazil) has the fastest authorisation process for new renewable plants?
Brazil, with an average time of 6 months. Italy is in fourth place with an average time of 5 years, Germany is second with 24 months, while in Morocco authorisations take on average 36 months.
Source: Internal analysis of EGP average data