“To protect Lear’s macaw, the Environment division of Enel Green Power Brazil and Uruguay has launched an innovative project that brings together biodiversity and new technology.”
Technology to help animals
As part of our monitoring of the specimens of Lear’s macaws, since May 2017 we have been testing a new technology that uses GPS signals to study their needs and habits.
Four specimens of Lear’s macaw in the wild have been equipped with beacon devices for data collection and to study the four key elements that allow for the survival of the species and the safeguarding of its natural habitat:
- Movements and flight routes;
- Diffusion in the area;
- Use and interaction with the habitat;
- Preferred places for feeding, rest and reproduction.
The goal of the EGP research team dedicated to the project is to obtain valuable knowledge that can be extended to six more specimens of the parrot born in captivity. Following an adaptation phase, they will be freed in the region of Boqueirão da Onça, near the wind plant.
Saving Lear’s Macaw
There are currently only 1,260 specimens of Lear’s macaw in Brazil. In the area of the Delfina wind farm, there are only two specimens of the species left, and the population is considered basically extinct.
“The population of Lear’s macaws is considered extinct in the project area. We’ve launched a cutting-edge initiative for the controlled reintroduction of six specimens born in captivity.”
Our work is carried out in close collaboration with local institutions. The license to construct the wind plant included an environmental clause for the identification of key positions, such as shelter and nutrition of the species.
The reintroduction of the Lear’s macaws born in captivity is yet another initiative aimed at helping the region where our wind farm is located and demonstrates EGP’s commitment to safeguarding the environment and local biodiversity.