The interested people and organizations that meet the prerequisites for belonging to the project can set up a Renewable Energy Community, which is a legal entity.
Since by law an Energy Community cannot be created as a profit-making business, the organizational forms most commonly used for reasons of practicality and convenience are those of an unincorporated association or a cooperative.
Unincorporated associations can be set up through a simple registration contract with the Agenzia delle Entrate (the Italian Internal Revenue Service) and have low management costs and relatively simple organizational requirements.
All members of an Energy Community maintain their rights as end users, including the right to choose their electricity supplier, and can withdraw from the Community at any time.
How to obtain the incentives
Once the power plant is up and running, the Community can submit a request – even through a delegated external company – to GSE (the Energy Services Manager) for the incentives established by law for the shared energy.
The incentives are granted only for the energy shared within the energy community, that is, energy consumed by members at the same time the energy is produced.
If energy production exceeds consumption, the economic value of the surplus energy, without any additional benefits, will be returned to the energy community.
Which renewable sources to use
The law concerning Energy Communities does not specify which technology to adopt, but photovoltaics is best suited for taking advantage of these measures.