“There are four times as many inhabitants as the USA, but the per capita energy consumption of an Indian citizen is eleven times lower than that of an American.”
India is a country of a thousand faces also in terms of energy. It has a growing need to support industrial and economic development, it must distribute energy more effectively, because about 240 million Indians are still without access to electricity, it must produce it cleanly and wants to do that with renewables.
“Make in India” Renewables
In 2010, India launched a “National Solar Mission” with the aim not of reaching the sun, but of bringing it to the Earth by connecting 100GW of solar power to the grid by 2022.
“For India, renewables don’t mean just clean energy, but also a solution at competitive costs and the possibility of bringing energy to where it’s lacking now. ”
Another contribution to the ambitious goal of bringing renewables to 40% of the national mix by 2030 came from the “make in India” campaign, promoted by the New Delhi government to attract businesses, investments and technologies to the country.
India wants to become a global hub of excellence in 25 industrial sectors, including automotive, clothing, infrastructure and food. And a great deal of energy is needed to make this qualitative leap in the national productive system.
Clean energy, innovative technology
“Renewables in India are grappling with tumultuous development that involves national producers and big international companies. Sustainability and innovation are two key factors in order to compete in a big market that thinks big”, explains Norberto Cuenca.
“Enel Green Power has acquired a majority stake of the local utility BLP Energy, with three operational wind farms in the states of Gujarat and Maharashtra, for 172 MW.”
The possibilities for growth as numerous as the needs this energy can meet, from rural electrification to intelligent grids that serve large megacities and industries.
The use of Big Data for the efficient management of wind farms or the integration of storage systems with solar fields is no longer the exception, but more and more the rule.
For a country that, by 2040, will see its urban population grow by 315 million people – as many as live in the USA today – clean energy and innovation are a vital need.